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Shown with Objective at -20° Rotation
With a large field of
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Random Access Scanning
Our mesoscope creates high-speed images following user-defined scan patterns that translate the field of view laterally and axially. By hopping between regions, coordinated activity across multiple brain regions can be visualized.
Several images on this webpage are taken from https://elifesciences.org/content/
Range of Motion
Thorlabs' 2-Photon Random Access Mesoscope (2p-RAM, US Patent 10,295,811) provides subcellular resolution over an exceptionally large Ø5 mm field of view. Developed and commercialized in collaboration with Karel Svoboda's research laboratory at HHMI's Janelia Research Campus, this multiphoton mesoscope is designed for in vivo functional imaging of multiple spatially separated brain regions operating in concert. When imaging across user-defined, non-contiguous regions of interest within the field, near-video frame rates are possible; see the video to the right and the Applications tab.
Our 2p-RAM is capable of two-photon random access scanning; see the image to the upper right. This system features a built-in remote focusing unit, which translates the focal plane over a 1 mm range. The remote focusing unit can be coordinated with the lateral scan unit, which is comprised of virtually conjugated mirrors and a resonant scanner, to enable both lateral and axial translation of the field during the measurement. The lateral scan unit can direct the excitation beam from region to region within the Ø5 mm field of view in ~6 ms. The mesoscope includes an objective that provides large excitation and collection NAs of 0.6 and 1.0, respectively. The scan path wavelength range of 900 - 1070 nm was chosen for optimal two-photon excitation of GFP and red fluorescent proteins, and is compatible with any tunable Ti:sapphire laser designed for multiphoton microscopy, such as Thorlabs' Tiberius® laser.
The mesoscope features motion control systems that permit the mesoscope body to move while the specimen remains fixed. The mesoscope body allows -20° to +20° rotation for the objective, as well as 2" of fine X motion, 6" of fine Y motion, and 2" of fine Z motion; just as with Thorlabs' Bergamo® II multiphoton microscope, X, Y, and Z rotate along with the objective. A multi-jointed periscope maintains the laser alignment over the entire range of motion. Since the study of awake, behaving specimens benefits from large working spaces, the mesoscope's enclosure leaves the surface of the optical workstation free for the experimental apparatus.
Please send questions via our mesoscope contact form or call (703) 651-1700 to discuss this new technology with one of our imaging specialists.
Configurations: 2p-RAM vs 2p-RAM with Dual-Plane Imaging Add-On
The 2p-RAM (lower left) contains many optical systems that are specifically optimized to work together, including a built-in remote focusing mirror, which translates the focal plane over a 1 mm range; a lateral scan unit, which comprises virtually conjugated mirrors and a resonant scanner; a multi-jointed periscope that maintains the laser alignment over the entire range of motion; an ancillary path for one-photon imaging and photostimulation; and a custom large-NA objective. The 2p-RAM equipped with the dual-plane imaging add-on (lower right) includes all the same optical systems in addition to a secondary remote focusing module. For more details on this add-on, please see the Applications tab.
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2p-RAM with Dual-Plane Imaging Add-On
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Using the 2p-RAM, Svoboda's research team has demonstrated in vivo imaging with a specimen expressing the GCaMP6f calcium indicator. As shown in the video to the right and in the image below, the multiphoton mesoscope can image across user-defined, non-contiguous regions of interest within the field at near-video frame rates. For more details, please see the complete research paper.
Source: Sofroniew, N. J., Flickinger, D., King, J., & Svoboda, K. (2016). A large field of view two-photon mesoscope with subcellular resolution for in vivo imaging. ELife, 5. doi:10.7554/elife.14472
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The mesoscope allows a user-defined number of regions of interest to be tracked within a single scan.
(Courtesy of Karel Svoboda, Janelia Research Campus, Virginia, USA.)
If you are interested in the dual-plane imaging add-on, please fill out our mesoscope contact form or call (703) 651-1700.
Source: Tsyboulski, D., Orlova, N., Lecoq, J., & Saggau, P. (2018). MesoScope Upgrade: Dual Plane Remote Focusing Imaging System for Recording of Ca2+ Signals in Neural Ensembles. Biophotonics Congress: Biomedical Optics Congress 2018 (Microscopy/Translational/Brain/OTS). doi:10.1364/translational.2018.jw3a.60
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Remote Focus Units
The primary and secondary remote focus units have an identical design, consisting of a quarter wave plate, custom objective, and a small mirror mounted on a voice coil. A polarizing beamsplitter placed before the remote focus units directs the p-polarized light to the primary unit and the s-polarized light to the secondary unit.
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Dual-Plane Imaging Add-On
The dual-plane imaging add-on incorporates a second remote focus unit to the original 2p-RAM system. This unit can added or removed without any adjustments to the original system.
Volumetric Imaging with Bessel Beams
As demonstrated in Ji’s pioneering work, this rapid Bessel beam-based imaging technique has synaptic resolution, capturing Ca2+ dynamics and tuning properties of dendritic spines in mouse and ferret visual cortices. The power of this Bessel-beam-based multiphoton imaging technique is illustrated below, which compares a 300 x 300 μm scan of a Thy1-GFP-M mouse brain slice imaged with Bessel (left) and Gaussian (right) scanning. 45 optical slices taken with a Gaussian focus are vertically stacked to generate a volume image, while the same structural features are visible in a single Bessel scan taken with a 45 μm-long focus. This indicates a substantial gain in volume-imaging speed, making this technique suitable for investigating sparsely labeled samples in-vivo.
If you are interested in the Bessel beam add-on, please fill out our mesoscope contact form or call (703) 651-1700.
Source: Lu R, Sun W, Liang Y, Kerlin A, Bierfeld J, Seelig JD, Wilson DE, Scholl B, Mohar B, Tanimoto M, Koyama M, Fitzpatrick D, Orger MB, and Ji N. "Video-rate volumetric functional imaging of the brain at synaptic resolution." Nature Neuroscience. 2017 Feb 27; 20: 620-628.
A single Bessel scan (left) captures the same structural information obtained from a Gaussian volume scan created by stacking 45 optical sections (right), reducing the total scan time by a factor of 45. The images show a brain slice scanned over a 300 μm x 300 μm area. Scan depth for the Gaussian stack is indicated by the scale bar. Sample Courtesy of Qinrong Zhang, PhD and Matthew Jacobs; the Ji Lab, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley.